Birth Year : 1870|
Death Year : 1938
Country : US
William James Glackens was born in Philadelphia. He began his career as an illustrator for the Philadelphia Press and other newspapers, while studying under Robert Henri at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Glackens went to Paris for a year in 1895 and upon his return first painted muted landscapes in a Whistlerian manner, a style that soon changed to a stronger one reminiscent of Daumier, early Manet, and the romantic canvases of Cezanne. After moving to New York he continued to work as an illustrator for several magazines and newspapers. In 1898, he visited Cuba with George Luks and upon his return he began to take his subjects from the streets and crowds of the city becoming best known for his colorful scenes of holiday crowds and fashionable life painted in a lively manner.
He returned to France in 1906, and visited Spain at the same time. He participated in the 1908 exhibition of The Eight (the Ashcan School, in which he stood out as both the colorist of the group and, in his range of interests, one of the most worldly members). Glackens continued to work in New York until 1925 when he returned to France to remain until 1932. His painting during and after these years in France is strongly influenced by Renoir, although Glacken's palette is more muted, his backgrounds darker, and his nudes less sensuous than those of the French master. Winner of many prizes in his later years, Glackens was elected to the National Academy in 1933, five years before his death.
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Mahone Bay, 1911
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