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 ARTIST BIOGRAPHIES 


  • Charles Alston
  • Beato Angelico
  • Jean (Hans) Arp
  • Hendrik Avercamp
  • Leon Bakst
  • Edward M. Bannister
  • Jean Frederic Bazille
  • Romare Bearden
  • Cecilia Beaux
  • Max Beckmann
  • George Bellows
  • Frank Weston Benson
  • Thomas Hart Benton
  • Abraham van Beyeren
  • Albert Bierstadt
  • George Caleb Bingham
  • William Blake
  • Umberto Boccioni
  • Giotto di Bondone
  • Pierre Bonnard
  • Allesandro Botticelli
  • Francois Boucher
  • Eugene-Louis Boudin
  • Adolphe William Bouguereau
  • Will H. Bradley
  • Georges Braque
  • Victor Brauner
  • Alfred Thompson Bricher
  • Agnolo Bronzino
  • Adriaen Brouwer
  • Pieter Brueghel the Elder
  • Bernard Buffet
  • Michelangelo Buonarotti
  • Alexander Calder
  • Canaletto
  • Caravaggio
  • Antoine Caron
  • William L. Carqueville
  • Mary Cassatt
  • Paul Cezanne
  • Marc Chagall
  • Thomas Chambers
  • JBS Chardin
  • William Merritt Chase
  • Jules Cheret
  • Judy Chicago
  • Giorgio de Chirico
  • Jean Clouet
  • Anna Cochran
  • Thomas Cole
  • John Constable
  • Lovis Corinth
  • Paul Cornoyer
  • Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot
  • Gustave Courbet
  • Lucas Cranach (the Elder)
  • Allan Crite
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  • Salvador Dali
  • Honore Daumier
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  • Stuart Davis
  • Edgar Degas
  • Eugene Delacroix
  • Paul Delaroche
  • Paul Delvaux
  • Charles Demuth
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  • Marcel Duchamp
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  • Albrecht Durer
  • Sir Anthony van Dyck
  • Thomas Eakins
  • Louis Eilshemius
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  • Philip Evergood
  • Henri Fantin-Latour
  • Lyonel Feininger
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  • Annette Fournet
  • Jean-Honore Fragonard
  • Helen Frankenthaler
  • Caspar David Friedrich
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  • Othon Friesz
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  • Vincent van Gogh
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  • Fernand Gottlob
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  • Juan Gris
  • Matthias Grunewald
  • Constantin Guys
  • Frans Hals
  • H.W. Hansen
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  • Marsden Hartley
  • Childe Hassam
  • George Hayes
  • Edward Lamson Henry
  • Edward Hicks
  • Nicholas Hilliard
  • Meindert Hobbema
  • Hans Hofmann
  • William Hogarth
  • Sakai Hoitsu
  • Hans (the younger) Holbein
  • Geoffrey Holder
  • Winslow Homer
  • Pieter de Hooch
  • Edward Hopper
  • Emperor Hui-tsung
  • William Holman Hunt
  • Jan van Huysum
  • Robert Indiana
  • Ingres
  • George Inness
  • Pierre Ino
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  • Jasper Johns
  • Frank Tenney Johnson
  • William H. Johnson
  • Frida Kahlo
  • Wassily Kandinsky
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  • Moise Kisling
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  • Walt Kuhn
  • Yasuo Kuniyoshi
  • Kawanabe Kyosai
  • Fitz Hugh Lane
  • Marie Laurencin
  • Jacob Lawrence
  • Sir Thomas Lawrence
  • Hughie Lee-Smith
  • Fernand Leger
  • William Robinson Leigh
  • Judith Leyster
  • Li Tang
  • Roy Lichtenstein
  • Max Liebermann
  • Richard Lindner
  • Fra Fillipo Lippi
  • Claude Lorrain
  • Morris Louis
  • Bernardino Luini
  • Auguste Macke
  • Nicolaes Maes
  • Rene Magritte
  • Aristide Maillol
  • Edouard Manet
  • Franz Marc
  • Marino Marini
  • Albert Marquet
  • Henri-Jean Guillaume Martin
  • Masaccio
  • Henri Matisse
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  • Joan Miro
  • Amedeo Modigliani
  • Piet Mondrian
  • Claude Monet
  • Henry Moore
  • Martha Moore
  • Gustave Moreau
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  • Ira Moskowitz
  • Robert Motherwell
  • Archibald John Jr Motley
  • Alphonse Marie Mucha
  • Edvard Munch
  • georgia O'Keeffe
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Camille Pissarro
  • Jackson Pollock
  • Nicolas Poussin
  • Robert Rauschenberg
  • Pierre-Joseph Redoute
  • Frederic Remington
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  • Sir Joshua Reynolds
  • Rembrant van Rijin
  • Diego Rivera
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  • Georges Rouault
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • Raphael (Raffaelo) Sanzio
  • Georges Seurat
  • Alfred Sisley
  • Theophile Alexandre Steinlen
  • Rufino Tamayo
  • Yves Tanguy
  • Giovanni Domenica Tiepolo
  • Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto
  • Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
  • Joseph Mallord William Turner
  • Paolo Ucello
  • Diego Velazquez
  • Johannes Jan Vermeer
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Maurice de Vlaminck
  • Edouard Vuillard
  • Jean-Antoine Watteau
  • James Abbott Macneill Whistler
  • Walter Williams
  • Grant Wood
  • Hale Woodruff
  • Richard C Woodville
  • Andrew Wyeth
  • Newell Convers Wyeth
  • Taikan Yokoyama






  •   James Abbott McNeill  Whistler 


    Birth Year : 1834
    Death Year : 1903
    Country : US

    James Abbott McNeill Whistler was born in Lowell, Massachusetts, a fact of which he did not care to be reminded. His father was a builder of railroads and took his nine year old son to St. Petersburg where the boy lived like an aristocrat and attended the Russian Academy of Fine Arts. When his father died, Whistler was brought back to the family farm, but he was restless and discontented, flunked out of West Point, lost several jobs, and then, having read Murger's La Vie de Bohème, left for Paris in 1855, never to return home. He arrived at Gleyre's Academy when Manet, Monet, and Degas were students there and the first stirrings of Impressionism were in the air. Four years later, Whistler went to live in London, carrying with him an interest in quick impressions but very little of the French approach to light and color. His palette leaned strongly to grays, whites, and blacks, and he conceived of his paintings as "nocturnes," "symphonies," and "arrangements" of "line, form, and color." A strong advocate of "art for art's sake," he believed in the importance of the painting rather than in its subject matter, and as a result, some of his works are so nonrepresentational as to be true forerunners of twentieth-century abstraction. His most famous painting, best known to us as The Artist's Mother, has as its first title Arrangement in Black and Gray. Whistler painted it to emphasize the patterns evoked by its large, flat area, an idea inspired by Japanese prints. Whistler's works aroused the antagonism of the critic John Ruskin, and the artist's sharp-tongued reply to that gentleman's remarks ended in a famous lawsuit from which Whistler emerged a technical victor. He was awarded damages of one farthing, but his reputation was so damaged that he went bankrupt. To recoup his losses, he began to create light and brilliantly executed etchings, devoting most of his time to them for some years. Whistler's works have an exquisite charm; his landscapes are airy, his portraits ethereally wistful. he exerted an extraordinary influence both on public taste and on future trends in British art. He remained in London until 1890 when he returned to Paris to open an art school. he died in Paris in 1903.

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    James Abbott McNeill Whistler
    White Girl, The



    James Abbott McNeill Whistler
    Venice



    James Abbott McNeill Whistler
    Arrangement in Grey & Black, Artist's Mother



    James Abbott McNeill Whistler
    Rose and Silver the Princess from the L



    James Abbott McNeill Whistler
    Portrait of the Artist's Mother



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