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 ARTIST BIOGRAPHIES 


  • Charles Alston
  • Beato Angelico
  • Jean (Hans) Arp
  • Hendrik Avercamp
  • Leon Bakst
  • Edward M. Bannister
  • Jean Frederic Bazille
  • Romare Bearden
  • Cecilia Beaux
  • Max Beckmann
  • George Bellows
  • Frank Weston Benson
  • Thomas Hart Benton
  • Abraham van Beyeren
  • Albert Bierstadt
  • George Caleb Bingham
  • William Blake
  • Umberto Boccioni
  • Giotto di Bondone
  • Pierre Bonnard
  • Allesandro Botticelli
  • Francois Boucher
  • Eugene-Louis Boudin
  • Adolphe William Bouguereau
  • Will H. Bradley
  • Georges Braque
  • Victor Brauner
  • Alfred Thompson Bricher
  • Agnolo Bronzino
  • Adriaen Brouwer
  • Pieter Brueghel the Elder
  • Bernard Buffet
  • Michelangelo Buonarotti
  • Alexander Calder
  • Canaletto
  • Caravaggio
  • Antoine Caron
  • William L. Carqueville
  • Mary Cassatt
  • Paul Cezanne
  • Marc Chagall
  • Thomas Chambers
  • JBS Chardin
  • William Merritt Chase
  • Jules Cheret
  • Judy Chicago
  • Giorgio de Chirico
  • Jean Clouet
  • Anna Cochran
  • Thomas Cole
  • John Constable
  • Lovis Corinth
  • Paul Cornoyer
  • Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot
  • Gustave Courbet
  • Lucas Cranach (the Elder)
  • Allan Crite
  • Currier and Ives
  • Aelbert Cuyp
  • Salvador Dali
  • Honore Daumier
  • Jacques-Louis David
  • Stuart Davis
  • Edgar Degas
  • Eugene Delacroix
  • Paul Delaroche
  • Paul Delvaux
  • Charles Demuth
  • Andre Derain
  • Thomas Doughty
  • Marcel Duchamp
  • Raoul Dufy
  • Albrecht Durer
  • Sir Anthony van Dyck
  • Thomas Eakins
  • Louis Eilshemius
  • El Greco
  • James Ensor
  • Max Ernst
  • Philip Evergood
  • Henri Fantin-Latour
  • Lyonel Feininger
  • Tsuguharu Foujita
  • Annette Fournet
  • Jean-Honore Fragonard
  • Helen Frankenthaler
  • Caspar David Friedrich
  • Frederick Carl Frieseke
  • Othon Friesz
  • John Henry Fuseli
  • Thomas Gainsborough
  • Henry Gasser
  • Paul Gauguin
  • Orazio Gentileschi
  • Theodore Gericault
  • Domenico Ghirlandaio
  • Alberto Giacometti
  • Giorgio Giorgione
  • William Glackens
  • Vincent van Gogh
  • Arshile Gorky
  • Adolph Gottlieb
  • Fernand Gottlob
  • Francisco Jose de Goya
  • Juan Gris
  • Matthias Grunewald
  • Constantin Guys
  • Frans Hals
  • H.W. Hansen
  • William Michael Harnett
  • Marsden Hartley
  • Childe Hassam
  • George Hayes
  • Edward Lamson Henry
  • Edward Hicks
  • Nicholas Hilliard
  • Meindert Hobbema
  • Hans Hofmann
  • William Hogarth
  • Sakai Hoitsu
  • Hans (the younger) Holbein
  • Geoffrey Holder
  • Winslow Homer
  • Pieter de Hooch
  • Edward Hopper
  • Emperor Hui-tsung
  • William Holman Hunt
  • Jan van Huysum
  • Robert Indiana
  • Ingres
  • George Inness
  • Pierre Ino
  • Alexej von Jawlensky
  • Jasper Johns
  • Frank Tenney Johnson
  • William H. Johnson
  • Frida Kahlo
  • Wassily Kandinsky
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  • Moise Kisling
  • Torii Kiyonaga
  • Paul Klee
  • Gustav Klimt
  • Oskar Kokoschka
  • Koryusai Koryusai
  • Walt Kuhn
  • Yasuo Kuniyoshi
  • Kawanabe Kyosai
  • Fitz Hugh Lane
  • Marie Laurencin
  • Jacob Lawrence
  • Sir Thomas Lawrence
  • Hughie Lee-Smith
  • Fernand Leger
  • William Robinson Leigh
  • Judith Leyster
  • Li Tang
  • Roy Lichtenstein
  • Max Liebermann
  • Richard Lindner
  • Fra Fillipo Lippi
  • Claude Lorrain
  • Morris Louis
  • Bernardino Luini
  • Auguste Macke
  • Nicolaes Maes
  • Rene Magritte
  • Aristide Maillol
  • Edouard Manet
  • Franz Marc
  • Marino Marini
  • Albert Marquet
  • Henri-Jean Guillaume Martin
  • Masaccio
  • Henri Matisse
  • Jean-Francois Millet
  • Joan Miro
  • Amedeo Modigliani
  • Piet Mondrian
  • Claude Monet
  • Henry Moore
  • Martha Moore
  • Gustave Moreau
  • Berthe Morisot
  • Ira Moskowitz
  • Robert Motherwell
  • Archibald John Jr Motley
  • Alphonse Marie Mucha
  • Edvard Munch
  • georgia O'Keeffe
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Camille Pissarro
  • Jackson Pollock
  • Nicolas Poussin
  • Robert Rauschenberg
  • Pierre-Joseph Redoute
  • Frederic Remington
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  • Sir Joshua Reynolds
  • Rembrant van Rijin
  • Diego Rivera
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  • Georges Rouault
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • Raphael (Raffaelo) Sanzio
  • Georges Seurat
  • Alfred Sisley
  • Theophile Alexandre Steinlen
  • Rufino Tamayo
  • Yves Tanguy
  • Giovanni Domenica Tiepolo
  • Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto
  • Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
  • Joseph Mallord William Turner
  • Paolo Ucello
  • Diego Velazquez
  • Johannes Jan Vermeer
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Maurice de Vlaminck
  • Edouard Vuillard
  • Jean-Antoine Watteau
  • James Abbott Macneill Whistler
  • Walter Williams
  • Grant Wood
  • Hale Woodruff
  • Richard C Woodville
  • Andrew Wyeth
  • Newell Convers Wyeth
  • Taikan Yokoyama






  •   (Eugene-Henri-) Paul  Gauguin 


    Birth Year : 1848
    Death Year : 1903
    Country : France

    Paul Gauguin, the most exotic of the Post-Impressionists, was born in Paris. The son of a French journalist and a Peruvian woman, Gauguin spent his early childhood in Peru, attended a boarding school in France, and was a merchant seaman before becoming a stockbroker's assistant in 1871. At first merely an occasional painter Gauguin frequented the Nouvelle Athenes Café where he met Pissarro and the Impressionists, whose works he purchased. He had married in 1873, and so it was not until ten years later that Gauguin decided to give up the business world and devote himself to the artistic. After a period in Rouen where he stayed with Pissarro, who had encouraged him, Gauguin went to Copenhagen with his Danish wife only to leave his family forever a few months later. Gauguin was then past thirty-five and almost penniless, though a loan from Degas, who approved of his theories on the importance of line, permitted him to go to Pont-Aven where he and Emile Bernard would develop Synthetism, a style in which the expression of ideas and emotions are more important than naturalistic representations, and flat color areas reminiscent of Japanese woodcuts are outlined by heavy black lines in the manner of cloisonné enamels or stained-glass windows.

    Abandoning his earlier Impressionism, Gauguin painted in this manner and also made ceramics and wood carvings to earn a little money. These were decorative, finely conceived Art Nouveau pieces, tinged with a symbolism learned from Puvis de Chavannes, whom he had also admired. In 1887 Gauguin made an unsuccessful trip to Martinique in his search for a primitive way of life. He spent 1888, the year of his great Synthetist work "The Yellow Christ", in Arles with Vincent van Gogh. This adventure ended in near tragedy as van Gogh exhibited signs of madness. Gauguin returned shortly to Brittany before leaving for Tahiti on his constant quest for the simple life and the peace of mind he would never really find.

    Gauguin's mature style, developed in the South, is a fusion of Oriental influences, personal symbolism, warm color, strong design, and musically rich expression that offers a spiritual image of the creative artist constantly seeking the unattainable. Gauguin remained in Tahiti until 1893, when ill health and lack of funds forced his return to Paris. He remained there until 1895 when he again settled in Tahiti. His stay there ended in 1901 when seriously ill with syphilis and in trouble with the French authorities. He moved to the Marquesas, seeking an easier and cheaper life. His health, unfortunately, deteriorated still further but he continued to paint until he died on May 8, 1903.

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    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Tahitian Landscape, 1891



    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Matamoe



    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Haere Mai



    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Woman with Mango



    (Eugene-Henri-) Paul Gauguin
    Life's Questions - Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?



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