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 ARTIST BIOGRAPHIES 


  • Charles Alston
  • Beato Angelico
  • Jean (Hans) Arp
  • Hendrik Avercamp
  • Leon Bakst
  • Edward M. Bannister
  • Jean Frederic Bazille
  • Romare Bearden
  • Cecilia Beaux
  • Max Beckmann
  • George Bellows
  • Frank Weston Benson
  • Thomas Hart Benton
  • Abraham van Beyeren
  • Albert Bierstadt
  • George Caleb Bingham
  • William Blake
  • Umberto Boccioni
  • Giotto di Bondone
  • Pierre Bonnard
  • Allesandro Botticelli
  • Francois Boucher
  • Eugene-Louis Boudin
  • Adolphe William Bouguereau
  • Will H. Bradley
  • Georges Braque
  • Victor Brauner
  • Alfred Thompson Bricher
  • Agnolo Bronzino
  • Adriaen Brouwer
  • Pieter Brueghel the Elder
  • Bernard Buffet
  • Michelangelo Buonarotti
  • Alexander Calder
  • Canaletto
  • Caravaggio
  • Antoine Caron
  • William L. Carqueville
  • Mary Cassatt
  • Paul Cezanne
  • Marc Chagall
  • Thomas Chambers
  • JBS Chardin
  • William Merritt Chase
  • Jules Cheret
  • Judy Chicago
  • Giorgio de Chirico
  • Jean Clouet
  • Anna Cochran
  • Thomas Cole
  • John Constable
  • Lovis Corinth
  • Paul Cornoyer
  • Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot
  • Gustave Courbet
  • Lucas Cranach (the Elder)
  • Allan Crite
  • Currier and Ives
  • Aelbert Cuyp
  • Salvador Dali
  • Honore Daumier
  • Jacques-Louis David
  • Stuart Davis
  • Edgar Degas
  • Eugene Delacroix
  • Paul Delaroche
  • Paul Delvaux
  • Charles Demuth
  • Andre Derain
  • Thomas Doughty
  • Marcel Duchamp
  • Raoul Dufy
  • Albrecht Durer
  • Sir Anthony van Dyck
  • Thomas Eakins
  • Louis Eilshemius
  • El Greco
  • James Ensor
  • Max Ernst
  • Philip Evergood
  • Henri Fantin-Latour
  • Lyonel Feininger
  • Tsuguharu Foujita
  • Annette Fournet
  • Jean-Honore Fragonard
  • Helen Frankenthaler
  • Caspar David Friedrich
  • Frederick Carl Frieseke
  • Othon Friesz
  • John Henry Fuseli
  • Thomas Gainsborough
  • Henry Gasser
  • Paul Gauguin
  • Orazio Gentileschi
  • Theodore Gericault
  • Domenico Ghirlandaio
  • Alberto Giacometti
  • Giorgio Giorgione
  • William Glackens
  • Vincent van Gogh
  • Arshile Gorky
  • Adolph Gottlieb
  • Fernand Gottlob
  • Francisco Jose de Goya
  • Juan Gris
  • Matthias Grunewald
  • Constantin Guys
  • Frans Hals
  • H.W. Hansen
  • William Michael Harnett
  • Marsden Hartley
  • Childe Hassam
  • George Hayes
  • Edward Lamson Henry
  • Edward Hicks
  • Nicholas Hilliard
  • Meindert Hobbema
  • Hans Hofmann
  • William Hogarth
  • Sakai Hoitsu
  • Hans (the younger) Holbein
  • Geoffrey Holder
  • Winslow Homer
  • Pieter de Hooch
  • Edward Hopper
  • Emperor Hui-tsung
  • William Holman Hunt
  • Jan van Huysum
  • Robert Indiana
  • Ingres
  • George Inness
  • Pierre Ino
  • Alexej von Jawlensky
  • Jasper Johns
  • Frank Tenney Johnson
  • William H. Johnson
  • Frida Kahlo
  • Wassily Kandinsky
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  • Moise Kisling
  • Torii Kiyonaga
  • Paul Klee
  • Gustav Klimt
  • Oskar Kokoschka
  • Koryusai Koryusai
  • Walt Kuhn
  • Yasuo Kuniyoshi
  • Kawanabe Kyosai
  • Fitz Hugh Lane
  • Marie Laurencin
  • Jacob Lawrence
  • Sir Thomas Lawrence
  • Hughie Lee-Smith
  • Fernand Leger
  • William Robinson Leigh
  • Judith Leyster
  • Li Tang
  • Roy Lichtenstein
  • Max Liebermann
  • Richard Lindner
  • Fra Fillipo Lippi
  • Claude Lorrain
  • Morris Louis
  • Bernardino Luini
  • Auguste Macke
  • Nicolaes Maes
  • Rene Magritte
  • Aristide Maillol
  • Edouard Manet
  • Franz Marc
  • Marino Marini
  • Albert Marquet
  • Henri-Jean Guillaume Martin
  • Masaccio
  • Henri Matisse
  • Jean-Francois Millet
  • Joan Miro
  • Amedeo Modigliani
  • Piet Mondrian
  • Claude Monet
  • Henry Moore
  • Martha Moore
  • Gustave Moreau
  • Berthe Morisot
  • Ira Moskowitz
  • Robert Motherwell
  • Archibald John Jr Motley
  • Alphonse Marie Mucha
  • Edvard Munch
  • georgia O'Keeffe
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Camille Pissarro
  • Jackson Pollock
  • Nicolas Poussin
  • Robert Rauschenberg
  • Pierre-Joseph Redoute
  • Frederic Remington
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  • Sir Joshua Reynolds
  • Rembrant van Rijin
  • Diego Rivera
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  • Georges Rouault
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • Raphael (Raffaelo) Sanzio
  • Georges Seurat
  • Alfred Sisley
  • Theophile Alexandre Steinlen
  • Rufino Tamayo
  • Yves Tanguy
  • Giovanni Domenica Tiepolo
  • Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto
  • Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
  • Joseph Mallord William Turner
  • Paolo Ucello
  • Diego Velazquez
  • Johannes Jan Vermeer
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Maurice de Vlaminck
  • Edouard Vuillard
  • Jean-Antoine Watteau
  • James Abbott Macneill Whistler
  • Walter Williams
  • Grant Wood
  • Hale Woodruff
  • Richard C Woodville
  • Andrew Wyeth
  • Newell Convers Wyeth
  • Taikan Yokoyama






  •   Paul  Cezanne 


    Birth Year : 1839
    Death Year : 1906
    Country : France

    Paul Cezanne, the greatest Post-Impressionist master, was born in Aix-en Provence where he received his formal education as a classmate of Emile Zola. Cezanne, whose banker father wished him to study law, did not arrive in Paris until 1861 although he had studied drawing in Aix and showed considerable ability. While studying at the Académie Suisse, Cezanne met Pissarro who was to influence him greatly. When he failed the entrance examinations for the Beaux-Arts, however, he returned to Aix. After working for a year in his father's bank and painting only in his spare time, he returned to Paris (1862-64). Zola introduced him to Manet, Renoir, Bazille and Degas, and Cezanne worked fairly loosely with these artists. Between 1864 and 1890 Cezanne lived in Paris, its environs and in the region around Aix until diabetes forced him to retire permanently to Aix. Early in his career, Cezanne admired Caravaggio, Courbet, and Delacroix, and his paintings until 1868 were romantic or baroque in style, dark in color, and classical in subject. During the period 1868-72 Manet's influence may be noted in added clarity and solidity of form. During his Impressionist period (1872-79) his palette lightened and, following Pissarro's example, he approached nature with greater simplicity.

    Throughout the years that he exhibited with the Impressionists Cézanne held the unhappy distinction of being the most derided member of the group. He liked his own work no better than the critics and public did, however, but in 1880 he began to develop his own theory of painting and his own style. It is a style characterized by unemotional, non-narrative, closed compositions that are based on the reduction of every object in nature to the cone, the cylinder, or the cube - those permanent qualities, which he believed were beneath all accidental external variations. He achieved a three-dimensional architectural effect by deliberately alternating warm and cool tones, by using a dark outline around objects and forms, and by an intensely dynamic balancing of shapes. None of Cézanne's works are the result of accident. He painted and repainted, altered brushstrokes attacked his subjects from different angles, and deliberately falsified perspective to achieve a timeless landscape, an orderly intelligence, and a solidity of form.

    All modern art can be said to stem, either directly or indirectly, from Cézanne: Symbolism, Fauvism, Cubism, Expressionism, and Abstract Expressionism. He immediately affected the work of Gauguin, van Gogh, Picasso, and Braque who, in turn, have influenced countless others. Cézanne finally began to receive some public recognition in 1895 and for the remaining eleven years of his life he enjoyed both public and private attention. He continued to paint until six days before he died of pneumonia on October 22, 1906.



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