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 ARTIST BIOGRAPHIES 


  • Charles Alston
  • Beato Angelico
  • Jean (Hans) Arp
  • Hendrik Avercamp
  • Leon Bakst
  • Edward M. Bannister
  • Jean Frederic Bazille
  • Romare Bearden
  • Cecilia Beaux
  • Max Beckmann
  • George Bellows
  • Frank Weston Benson
  • Thomas Hart Benton
  • Abraham van Beyeren
  • Albert Bierstadt
  • George Caleb Bingham
  • William Blake
  • Umberto Boccioni
  • Giotto di Bondone
  • Pierre Bonnard
  • Allesandro Botticelli
  • Francois Boucher
  • Eugene-Louis Boudin
  • Adolphe William Bouguereau
  • Will H. Bradley
  • Georges Braque
  • Victor Brauner
  • Alfred Thompson Bricher
  • Agnolo Bronzino
  • Adriaen Brouwer
  • Pieter Brueghel the Elder
  • Bernard Buffet
  • Michelangelo Buonarotti
  • Alexander Calder
  • Canaletto
  • Caravaggio
  • Antoine Caron
  • William L. Carqueville
  • Mary Cassatt
  • Paul Cezanne
  • Marc Chagall
  • Thomas Chambers
  • JBS Chardin
  • William Merritt Chase
  • Jules Cheret
  • Judy Chicago
  • Giorgio de Chirico
  • Jean Clouet
  • Anna Cochran
  • Thomas Cole
  • John Constable
  • Lovis Corinth
  • Paul Cornoyer
  • Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot
  • Gustave Courbet
  • Lucas Cranach (the Elder)
  • Allan Crite
  • Currier and Ives
  • Aelbert Cuyp
  • Salvador Dali
  • Honore Daumier
  • Jacques-Louis David
  • Stuart Davis
  • Edgar Degas
  • Eugene Delacroix
  • Paul Delaroche
  • Paul Delvaux
  • Charles Demuth
  • Andre Derain
  • Thomas Doughty
  • Marcel Duchamp
  • Raoul Dufy
  • Albrecht Durer
  • Sir Anthony van Dyck
  • Thomas Eakins
  • Louis Eilshemius
  • El Greco
  • James Ensor
  • Max Ernst
  • Philip Evergood
  • Henri Fantin-Latour
  • Lyonel Feininger
  • Tsuguharu Foujita
  • Annette Fournet
  • Jean-Honore Fragonard
  • Helen Frankenthaler
  • Caspar David Friedrich
  • Frederick Carl Frieseke
  • Othon Friesz
  • John Henry Fuseli
  • Thomas Gainsborough
  • Henry Gasser
  • Paul Gauguin
  • Orazio Gentileschi
  • Theodore Gericault
  • Domenico Ghirlandaio
  • Alberto Giacometti
  • Giorgio Giorgione
  • William Glackens
  • Vincent van Gogh
  • Arshile Gorky
  • Adolph Gottlieb
  • Fernand Gottlob
  • Francisco Jose de Goya
  • Juan Gris
  • Matthias Grunewald
  • Constantin Guys
  • Frans Hals
  • H.W. Hansen
  • William Michael Harnett
  • Marsden Hartley
  • Childe Hassam
  • George Hayes
  • Edward Lamson Henry
  • Edward Hicks
  • Nicholas Hilliard
  • Meindert Hobbema
  • Hans Hofmann
  • William Hogarth
  • Sakai Hoitsu
  • Hans (the younger) Holbein
  • Geoffrey Holder
  • Winslow Homer
  • Pieter de Hooch
  • Edward Hopper
  • Emperor Hui-tsung
  • William Holman Hunt
  • Jan van Huysum
  • Robert Indiana
  • Ingres
  • George Inness
  • Pierre Ino
  • Alexej von Jawlensky
  • Jasper Johns
  • Frank Tenney Johnson
  • William H. Johnson
  • Frida Kahlo
  • Wassily Kandinsky
  • Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
  • Moise Kisling
  • Torii Kiyonaga
  • Paul Klee
  • Gustav Klimt
  • Oskar Kokoschka
  • Koryusai Koryusai
  • Walt Kuhn
  • Yasuo Kuniyoshi
  • Kawanabe Kyosai
  • Fitz Hugh Lane
  • Marie Laurencin
  • Jacob Lawrence
  • Sir Thomas Lawrence
  • Hughie Lee-Smith
  • Fernand Leger
  • William Robinson Leigh
  • Judith Leyster
  • Li Tang
  • Roy Lichtenstein
  • Max Liebermann
  • Richard Lindner
  • Fra Fillipo Lippi
  • Claude Lorrain
  • Morris Louis
  • Bernardino Luini
  • Auguste Macke
  • Nicolaes Maes
  • Rene Magritte
  • Aristide Maillol
  • Edouard Manet
  • Franz Marc
  • Marino Marini
  • Albert Marquet
  • Henri-Jean Guillaume Martin
  • Masaccio
  • Henri Matisse
  • Jean-Francois Millet
  • Joan Miro
  • Amedeo Modigliani
  • Piet Mondrian
  • Claude Monet
  • Henry Moore
  • Martha Moore
  • Gustave Moreau
  • Berthe Morisot
  • Ira Moskowitz
  • Robert Motherwell
  • Archibald John Jr Motley
  • Alphonse Marie Mucha
  • Edvard Munch
  • georgia O'Keeffe
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Camille Pissarro
  • Jackson Pollock
  • Nicolas Poussin
  • Robert Rauschenberg
  • Pierre-Joseph Redoute
  • Frederic Remington
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  • Sir Joshua Reynolds
  • Rembrant van Rijin
  • Diego Rivera
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  • Georges Rouault
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • Raphael (Raffaelo) Sanzio
  • Georges Seurat
  • Alfred Sisley
  • Theophile Alexandre Steinlen
  • Rufino Tamayo
  • Yves Tanguy
  • Giovanni Domenica Tiepolo
  • Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto
  • Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
  • Joseph Mallord William Turner
  • Paolo Ucello
  • Diego Velazquez
  • Johannes Jan Vermeer
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Maurice de Vlaminck
  • Edouard Vuillard
  • Jean-Antoine Watteau
  • James Abbott Macneill Whistler
  • Walter Williams
  • Grant Wood
  • Hale Woodruff
  • Richard C Woodville
  • Andrew Wyeth
  • Newell Convers Wyeth
  • Taikan Yokoyama






  •   Thomas  Eakins 


    Birth Year : 1844
    Death Year : 1916
    Country : US

    In 1866, after studying antique casts at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and then anatomy at the Jefferson Medical College, Thomas Eakins went to Paris. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Gérôme and Bonnat but, uninspired by both classical form and academic style, Eakins went to Spain to study the works of Velazquez and Ribera. Upon his return to Philadelphia in 1870, Eakins painted such great realistic paintings as "The Gross Clinic" and "The Agnew Clinic": extremely detailed and powerfully naturalistic works that combine the light and shade of Manet, the realism of Courbet, with the basic sympathy of Velázquez. He also painted portraits of his family and genre scenes of American life. As he grew older and found little appreciation for what he himself called "solid, heavy, work," and disheartened also by the loss of his position as a teacher at the Philadelphia Academy, he became more and more of a recluse -- though he did continue teaching anatomy at the National Academy of Design in New York, and he even won a few prizes.

    From 1910 until his death in 1916, Eakins' health was failing, and he consequently painted very little. More interested in the scientific aspect of life than in pure aesthetics, Eakins felt that mathematics and painting were similar to the extent that both of them reduced complicated ideas to simple ones. His greatest desire was for accuracy in both perspective and in the representation of the human body. The first he obtained by mechanical techniques and the second by close observation of the body in motion and in repose. He sought to show form at its most weighty, space as a mathematical concept, and color and light as more solid than ephemeral.

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    Thomas Eakins
    Biglin Brothers, Turning the Stake



    Thomas Eakins
    Biglin Brothers Racing



    Thomas Eakins
    The Thinker



    Thomas Eakins
    The Agnew Clinic



    Thomas Eakins
    The Gross Clinic



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