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 ARTIST BIOGRAPHIES 


  • Charles Alston
  • Beato Angelico
  • Jean (Hans) Arp
  • Hendrik Avercamp
  • Leon Bakst
  • Edward M. Bannister
  • Jean Frederic Bazille
  • Romare Bearden
  • Cecilia Beaux
  • Max Beckmann
  • George Bellows
  • Frank Weston Benson
  • Thomas Hart Benton
  • Abraham van Beyeren
  • Albert Bierstadt
  • George Caleb Bingham
  • William Blake
  • Umberto Boccioni
  • Giotto di Bondone
  • Pierre Bonnard
  • Allesandro Botticelli
  • Francois Boucher
  • Eugene-Louis Boudin
  • Adolphe William Bouguereau
  • Will H. Bradley
  • Georges Braque
  • Victor Brauner
  • Alfred Thompson Bricher
  • Agnolo Bronzino
  • Adriaen Brouwer
  • Pieter Brueghel the Elder
  • Bernard Buffet
  • Michelangelo Buonarotti
  • Alexander Calder
  • Canaletto
  • Caravaggio
  • Antoine Caron
  • William L. Carqueville
  • Mary Cassatt
  • Paul Cezanne
  • Marc Chagall
  • Thomas Chambers
  • JBS Chardin
  • William Merritt Chase
  • Jules Cheret
  • Judy Chicago
  • Giorgio de Chirico
  • Jean Clouet
  • Anna Cochran
  • Thomas Cole
  • John Constable
  • Lovis Corinth
  • Paul Cornoyer
  • Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot
  • Gustave Courbet
  • Lucas Cranach (the Elder)
  • Allan Crite
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  • Aelbert Cuyp
  • Salvador Dali
  • Honore Daumier
  • Jacques-Louis David
  • Stuart Davis
  • Edgar Degas
  • Eugene Delacroix
  • Paul Delaroche
  • Paul Delvaux
  • Charles Demuth
  • Andre Derain
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  • Marcel Duchamp
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  • Albrecht Durer
  • Sir Anthony van Dyck
  • Thomas Eakins
  • Louis Eilshemius
  • El Greco
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  • Max Ernst
  • Philip Evergood
  • Henri Fantin-Latour
  • Lyonel Feininger
  • Tsuguharu Foujita
  • Annette Fournet
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  • Helen Frankenthaler
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  • Othon Friesz
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  • Fernand Gottlob
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  • Juan Gris
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  • Constantin Guys
  • Frans Hals
  • H.W. Hansen
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  • Marsden Hartley
  • Childe Hassam
  • George Hayes
  • Edward Lamson Henry
  • Edward Hicks
  • Nicholas Hilliard
  • Meindert Hobbema
  • Hans Hofmann
  • William Hogarth
  • Sakai Hoitsu
  • Hans (the younger) Holbein
  • Geoffrey Holder
  • Winslow Homer
  • Pieter de Hooch
  • Edward Hopper
  • Emperor Hui-tsung
  • William Holman Hunt
  • Jan van Huysum
  • Robert Indiana
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  • Frank Tenney Johnson
  • William H. Johnson
  • Frida Kahlo
  • Wassily Kandinsky
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  • Moise Kisling
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  • Gustav Klimt
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  • Walt Kuhn
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  • Kawanabe Kyosai
  • Fitz Hugh Lane
  • Marie Laurencin
  • Jacob Lawrence
  • Sir Thomas Lawrence
  • Hughie Lee-Smith
  • Fernand Leger
  • William Robinson Leigh
  • Judith Leyster
  • Li Tang
  • Roy Lichtenstein
  • Max Liebermann
  • Richard Lindner
  • Fra Fillipo Lippi
  • Claude Lorrain
  • Morris Louis
  • Bernardino Luini
  • Auguste Macke
  • Nicolaes Maes
  • Rene Magritte
  • Aristide Maillol
  • Edouard Manet
  • Franz Marc
  • Marino Marini
  • Albert Marquet
  • Henri-Jean Guillaume Martin
  • Masaccio
  • Henri Matisse
  • Jean-Francois Millet
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  • Amedeo Modigliani
  • Piet Mondrian
  • Claude Monet
  • Henry Moore
  • Martha Moore
  • Gustave Moreau
  • Berthe Morisot
  • Ira Moskowitz
  • Robert Motherwell
  • Archibald John Jr Motley
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  • Edvard Munch
  • georgia O'Keeffe
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Camille Pissarro
  • Jackson Pollock
  • Nicolas Poussin
  • Robert Rauschenberg
  • Pierre-Joseph Redoute
  • Frederic Remington
  • Pierre-Auguste Renoir
  • Sir Joshua Reynolds
  • Rembrant van Rijin
  • Diego Rivera
  • Dante Gabriel Rossetti
  • Georges Rouault
  • Peter Paul Rubens
  • Raphael (Raffaelo) Sanzio
  • Georges Seurat
  • Alfred Sisley
  • Theophile Alexandre Steinlen
  • Rufino Tamayo
  • Yves Tanguy
  • Giovanni Domenica Tiepolo
  • Jacopo Robusti Tintoretto
  • Henri Toulouse-Lautrec
  • Joseph Mallord William Turner
  • Paolo Ucello
  • Diego Velazquez
  • Johannes Jan Vermeer
  • Leonardo da Vinci
  • Maurice de Vlaminck
  • Edouard Vuillard
  • Jean-Antoine Watteau
  • James Abbott Macneill Whistler
  • Walter Williams
  • Grant Wood
  • Hale Woodruff
  • Richard C Woodville
  • Andrew Wyeth
  • Newell Convers Wyeth
  • Taikan Yokoyama






  •   Jacques-Louis  David 


    Birth Year : 1748
    Death Year : 1825
    Country : France

    Jacques Louis David was born in Paris and first studied with Francois Boucher, whose influence may be seen in his works until 1770. In 1768, however, David had begun his studies with the Neoclassicist Joseph Marie Vien. A two-time winner of the Prix de Rome, David did not go to Italy until 1775. He remained for five years, studying the works of Caravaggio and other seventeenth-century Italian Baroque artists. David attracted much attention in Rome for the realistic vigor of his series of strong portraits. He became more and more deeply involved, while in Rome, in the Neoclassical aesthetics of Vien, Anton Raphael Mengs, Johann Winckelmann, and Benjamin West. David studied antique sculpture and ancient history and began to choose his subjects from the latter. The work that became the manifesto of Neoclassicism, the "Oath of the Horatii", was painted in 1784-85, on a second visit to Rome. In this and in his next great work, "The Death of Socrates", painted in Paris with figures inspired by classical statues and compositions taken from Roman bas-reliefs, David added two Caravaggiesque touches: sharp lighting that casts clear shadows, and realistic detail. David's art, embodying the ancient civic virtues, became the symbol of the Revolution and its aesthetic doctrines.

    David was also active in the political side of the French Revolution where, from about 1787, he was the arbiter of taste and design in furniture, clothing, and the stage, as actors began to pose in groups similar to those in his paintings. He brought about the downfall of the French Royal Academy, thus freeing artists from its narrow tradition. He taught more than sixty pupils and was imitated by scores of artists. In 1793 David painted the realistic "Death of Marat", a powerful painting closer to the sensibilities of a Caravaggio than to those of antique sculpture. In 1794, while briefly imprisoned, he did a naturalistic landscape view of the Luxembourg Gardens. An enthusiastic Bonapartist, David became the first painter to the Emperor, an officer in the Legion of Honor, and a member of the Institute. With the restoration of the Bourbons, however, he was banished to Belgium for having voted for the death of Louis XVI and it was there that he died. David's strong sculptural painting had replaced the delicate and artificial style of the eighteenth century. Although his strict classicism held back the rise of the Romantic School, he stimulated such artists as Gros and Géricault in their free choice of subjects and in their passionate seriousness. He was thus an important force in the evolution of modern painting.

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    Jacques-Louis David
    Bonaparte at Mont St. Bernard



    Jacques-Louis David
    Oath of the Horatii



    Jacques-Louis David
    Le Premier Consul Franchissant



    Jacques-Louis David
    Death of Socrates, The



    Jacques-Louis David
    Death of Marat



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