NeoClassicism and Romanticism 1740-1850 BACK

These two styles of painting were considered enemies. One wanted to portray the absolute truth of life and the other wanted to depict reality through images of the wild and raw emotions that prevailed after the Revolution. A vast gulf existed between them and the debate was often long and bitter, but in the end Romanticism emerged as the dominant style of this period.

Neoclassicism was born out of a rejection of the Rocco and late Baroque styles in the middle of the 18th century. These artists wanted a style that could convey serious moral ideas such as justice, honor, and patriotism. The movement was a profoundly educational one, for its devotees believed that the fine arts could and should spread knowledge and enlightenment.

Romanticism began in the same era but its approach had to do with the modern rather than the antique. It was about wildness and expression rather than control. Romantic artists had no fixed laws relating to beauty and properties of subject matter. Instead, Romanticism was a creative outlook, a way of life.

Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot 1796-1875

Eugene Delacroix 1798-1863

Francisco Goya 1746-1828

Caspar David Friedrich, 1774-1840

Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1775-1851

Adolphe-William Bouguereau, 1825-1905

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This listing of artists is not official. It is merely intended to group the artists in an easy to navigate format.

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